Migraines: 27 Foods You Eat In Your Diet That Triggers The Condition

Migraines are neurological disorders that trigger pain in part of the head, it is a very common disorder in the United States, about 12% of the population have this genetic disorder.

It may occur as a throbbing headache and usually get worse with physical activities, sounds, and light, it may last for hours or days and may cause tiredness, visual disturbance, pain, and numbness.

Before experiencing a migraine, you may experience an Aura. An aura is a symptom that occurs before the migraine became effective, it is usually referred to as a seizure or stroke and may come in several forms such as:

  • Numbness or tingle in the skin
  • Changes in speech
  • Seeing bright sparkle or light
  • Tinnitus (hearing a ringing in the ear)
  • Vision loss
  • Changes to smell and taste 


These symptoms can last between 5 to 60 minutes, and it is not everyone who suffers migraine that also experiences an aura, only about 20% do.

Migraine can be triggered by different factors, one of which is your diet, in this post I shall talk about the types of migraine and 27 foods in your diet that may trigger migraine.


Types of Migraine

Aura Migraine: This is a more complicated migraine, those who experience this type of migraine previously experience a symptom known as aura, around 20% of people with migraine experience an aura.

Non-Aura migraine: This is a less complicated type of migraine, it occurs without the aura symptoms

Hemiplegic migraine: When this type of migraine occurs, you may experience temporary paralysis, a part of your body may be numb, weak or a complete loss of sensation, it may come with pain or not.

Non-Head-Pain migraine: As the name suggests, doesn’t occur with head pain as it is common with migraines, but it usually occurs with an aura, it is also known as acephalgic migraine

Ocular migraine: Also known as retinal migraine is a type of migraine that occurs with a partial or complete loss of vision in one part of your eye, there is also a dull ache behind the eye that may spread to other parts of the head.

The vision loss is temporary, it may last for several minutes or months, when you experience this, you should consult a professional health care provider as this may indicate a serious underlying condition.

Brainstem-aura migraine: this type of migraine occurs with symptoms like double vision, loss of balance, slurred speech, and a headache that may affect the back of your head.

Chronic migraine: When a migraine occurs for at least 15 days in a month, it is known as chronic migraine, the symptoms and severity may change.

Critical migraine: this is a severe and rare type of migraine that occurs with an extremely painful headache, it may last up to 72hrs or 3 days.


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27 Foods that trigger Migraine

Although it cannot be said that foods are the major trigger of migraine and there is no way to specifically decide the cause of a migraine, there is scientific evidence to prove that foods do trigger migraine, also about 27% of people suffering from migraine believe that their symptoms must be caused by their diet.

Without much ado, here are 27 possible foods that may trigger migraines.

Coffee: it had been proven by a study that Consuming an excessive amount of coffee can trigger migraine, taking an average dose of coffee is harmless, but it shouldn’t be excessive.

Limes: Fruits containing citrus are commonly reported to trigger migraine, this includes limes.

Red Wine: Red wine contains tyramine and histamine which has been confirmed by a study to be a trigger for migraine.

Lemons: lemons are commonly reported by those suffering from migraine to trigger the symptoms, although this may not be the same with everyone

Peanuts: consuming peanuts may trigger migraine, this is because peanuts contain tyramine which has been proven to trigger migraine

Cheese: Now you may be wondering “what now! Even cheese?”, not all cheese are the culprits but aged cheese, because of the constituent of histamine which has been proven to be a migraine trigger, other cheese such as chider, swiss, mozzarella is harmless.

Seasoning: Food seasonings are preserved by MSG ( monosodium glutamate) which studies have proven to trigger migraine

Almonds: consuming almonds may trigger migraines, this is because almonds contain tyramine which is proven to be a trigger for migraine

Orange: Orange fruit has been commonly reported to trigger migraines, although this may not be the same for everyone, you may do as well to track your migraine to see if orange triggers it.

Donuts: Donuts are made with flour and yeasts, yeasts contain tyramine which is a migraine trigger.

Snacks: Snacks can also be a migraine trigger, this is because most snacks are preserved with monosodium glutamate which is a migraine trigger.

Deli meats: Deli meats, like every other processed meat, contains nitrites and nitrates which are commonly reported to trigger migraine

Chocolate: About 42% of those who complain of migraine complains of chocolate being a culprit.

Preserved Soups: Preserved soups may contain monosodium glutamate which may trigger migraine

Cakes: Eating cakes may trigger migraines, cakes contains yeast which contains tyramine, a migraine trigger

Ham: Ham contains nitrites which is a trigger for migraines.

Diet Coke: Diet coke contains artificial sweetener which is a trigger for migraine

Bread: Bread contain yeast and may contain tyramine, a trigger for migraines

Sausage: eating sausages may trigger migraine, this is because sausages contain nitrites and nitrates which are a migraine trigger

Grapefruits: Grapefruits like most other citrus fruits are commonly reported to trigger migraine

Canned or frozen foods: Canned foods may be preserved with monosodium glutamate which is a migraine trigger

Bacon: Bacon may contain nitrates which is a migraine trigger

Onions: Onions are commonly reported to trigger migraine

Pizza: Pizza contains tomato which has been reported to trigger migraines

Garlic: Eating garlic may also trigger migraine as commonly reported

Potato Chips: Potato chips has been reported to trigger migraines.

Avocados: Avocadoes as also been reported to trigger migraine.

Kindly note that although the foods listed have been proven to trigger migraines in some people, this is not always the general case therefore you should always try to track your diet to see if any of this food trigger yours.





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